Andrés Hernández-Salazar - tenor, lecturer & singing teacher

Music History Courses


Explore Music History from antiquity until the present day. Enjoy the unfolding of western art music through the lives and works of the great composers and discover many a hidden musical gem en route!


Ancient & Medieval up to 1450

Renaissance 1450–1600

Baroque 1600–1750

Classical 1750–1825

Romantic 1825–1900

Modern 1900 onwards


A Selected Bibliography:


Ancient & Medieval

The Story of Music: from Antiquity to the Present. Maria Lord

Music (DK Eyewitness Books). Neil Ardley

Source Readings in Music History: Antiquity and the Middle Ages v. 1

Antiquity and the Middle Ages. Man & Music Series. James McKinnon

Man & His Music: Mediaeval and Early Renaissance Music. Alec Harman

The Music of the Spheres by Jamie James

Knights at Court by Aldo Scaglione

A Distant Mirror: the Calamitous 14Th Century by Barbara Tuchman



Companion To Medieval And Renaissance Music

Source Readings in Music History: The Renaissance Vol 2



Source Readings in Music History: The Baroque Era v. 3

Music in the Baroque Era

Monteverdi: His Life and Works, by Henry Prunieres

The Letters of Claudio Monteverdi ~ Denis Stevens

A Performer’s Guide to Music of the Baroque Period (ABRSM)

Sounds and Sweet Airs: The Forgotten Women of Classical Music. Anna Beer

The Sun King (Vintage Classics) ~ Nancy Mitford

Purcell Remembered ~ Michael Burden

The English Pleasure Garden: 1660-1860 (Shire Library). Sarah Jane Downing

Tosi’s Observations on the Florid Song (Facsimile of 1743 English Edition)

On Playing the Flute by Johann Joachim Quantz

The Faber Pocket Guide to Bach ~ Nicholas Kenyon

Music in the Castle of Heaven: A Portrait of J S Bach ~ John Eliot Gardiner

Evening in the Palace of Reason: Bach Meets Frederick the Great ~ James Gaines

The Faber Pocket Guide to Handel ~ Edward Blakeman

Handel ~ Christopher Hogwood

The Lives of Haydn, Mozart and Metastasio ~ Stendhal



The Lives Of The Great Composers: Third Edition

The Complete Classical Music Guide (Eyewitness Companions)

A Performer’s Guide to Music of the Classical Period (ABRSM)

Source readings in music history from antiquity through the romantic era

Gluck and the Opera – Scholar’s Choice Edition

Gluck and the French Theatre in Vienna

Form in Music by Stewart Macpherson

The Classical Era: From the 1740s to the end of the 18th Century (Man & Music)

The Classical Style: Haydn, Beethoven & Mozart, by Charles Rosen

The Faber Pocket Guide to Mozart, by Sir Nicholas Kenyon

The Nine Symphonies of Beethoven (Antony Hopkins)

Schubert (Masters of Music) ~ Percy M. Young

Schubert’s Songs ~ Richard Capell

Rossini: His Life and Works (Master Musicians Series) ~ Richard Osborne



A Performer’s Guide to Music of the Romantic Period (ABRSM)

Niccolo Paganini: Supreme Violinist or Devil’s Fiddler? (Great Performers Series)

The Memoirs of Hector Berlioz (translated by David Cairns)

Berlioz: Servitude and Greatness 1832-1869 (by David Cairns)

Source Readings in Music History: The Romantic Era v. 5

“Sounds and Sweet Airs: The Forgotten Women of Classical Music” by Anna Beer

‘The Romantic Generation’ by Charles Rosen

‘The Gilded Stage: A Social History of Opera’ by Daniel Snowman

Verdi (Master Musicians Series)

The Faber Pocket Guide to Wagner

The Last Waltz: The Strauss Dynasty and Vienna by John Suchet



Why Mahler?: How One Man and Ten Symphonies Changed the World. Lebrecht

Alma Mahler-Werfel: Diaries 1898-1902. Edited by Antony Beaumont

Stravinsky’s Piano: Genesis of a Musical Language (Music since 1900)

Francis Poulenc: Selected Correspondence, 1915-63

Pierre Bernac: The Interpretation of French Song

‘Messiaen’ by Robert Sherlaw Johnson

The Faber Pocket Guide to Britten

The Operas of Benjamin Britten



A Selected Discography:


Ancient & Medieval

Music of Ancient Greece. Atrium de Madrid. Gregorio Paniagua

Byzantine Hymns: Kassia of Constantinople

Music of the Middle Ages. David Munrow

Chants of the Milanese Church. Ensemble Organum · Pérès

Music and Poetry at Saint Gall. Ensemble Gilles Binchois · Vellard

Mozarabic Chant. Ensemble Organum. Marcel Peres

Hildegard von Bingen: O Jerusalem. Sequentia

Hildegard von Bingen: A Feather on the Breath of God. Gothic Voices

Codex Calixtinus, 12th century /Ensemble Organum · Pérès

Llibre Vermell de Montserrat / Hesperion XX. Jordi Savall

Leonin: Magister Leoninus Vol.2 Sacred Music from 12th-Century Paris

Perotin. The Hilliard Ensemble

The Lily and the Lamb: chant & polyphony from medieval England

Alfonso X El Sabio: Cantigas de Santa Maria ~ Hesperion XX

Love Songs of the Middle Ages ~ Sequentia

Music of the Crusades: 12 & 13 Century Music. David Munrow

Sepharad: Songs of the Spanish Jews ~ Ensemble Sarband

Sumer is icumen in: English Medieval Chants ~ The Hilliard Ensemble

Carmina Burana, Vol. 2 ~ New London Consort. Philip Pickett, cond.

The Century of Ars Nova (14th Century)

Machaut: Messe De Notre Dame. Andrew Parrott, cond.

Codex Faenza-15c.Italy manuscript (14th-century keyboard music)

John Dunstable – Sweet Harmony (Masses and Motets)



Ars Subtilior ~ Dawn of the Renaissance

The Garden of Zephirus: Courtly songs of the early 15th Century

Oswald von Wolkenstein: Songs of Myself – Andreas Scholl

El Cancionero de la Colombina 1451-1506

El Cancionero de Palacio 1474-1516. Hesperion XX

Josquin Desprez: Missa Pange lingua /Ensemble Clément Janequin

Josquin Desprez: Adieu mes amours, Chansons.

Renaissance – Music For Inner Peace. The Sixteen

Taverner: Missa Mater Christi Sanctissima

Tallis: Spem in Alium /The Tallis Scholars · Phillips

16th Century Music for Viols. Fretwork & Rose Consort of Viols

Byrd: Mass for Five Voices ~ Christ Church Cathedral Choir/Darlington

Frottole: Songs from the courts of Rennaisance Italy

Luys Milan: El Maestro. Montserrat Figueras & Hopkinson Smith

Cipriano de Rore: Missa Praeter rerum seriem, Motets & Madrigals

Concerto Delle Donne. Consort of Musicke

Gesualdo: Quinto Libro di Madrigali. Consort of Musicke

English Madrigals. The Tallis Scholars, Peter Phillips, cond.

Musica Della Cappella Sistina: Allegri, Josquin, Morales, Palestrina

Orlande de Lassus: Mass ‘Tout les Regretz’ and Motets

A New Venetian Coronation 1595. Gabrieli Consort & Players. McCreesh

Gabrieli: Music for San Rocco 1608 ~ Gabrieli Consort & Players

Mateo Flecha: Ensaladas. Hesperion XX, Jordi Savall, cond.

Guerrero: Sacrae Cantiones. Hesperion XX, Jordi Savall, cond.

El Cancionero de Medinaceli. Hesperion XX, Jordi Savall, cond.

Dowland: Second Booke of Songs. The Consort of Musicke



Intermedi (1589) La Pellegrina. Taverner Consort, Andrew Parrott

Monteverdi: L’Orfeo. Gardiner, cond.

Monteverdi: Eighth Book of Madrigals, Vol 1 /Concerto Italiano · Alessandrini

Monteverdi: L’incoronazione di Poppea. René Jacobs, cond.

Monteverdi: Vespers 1610. Monteverdi Choir & Orchestra · Gardiner

Carissimi: Jephthah, Jonah. Gabrieli Consort & Players · McCreesh

Tous les matins du monde: Lully, Marais, Couperin. Jordi Savall, cond.

Lully: Atys (Les Arts Florissants/William Christie)

José Marín – Tonos Humanos. Montserrat Figueras, sop./Rolf Lislevand, guitar.

Dame Janet Baker, mezzo: Bach, Purcell, Rameau, Cavalli

Christmas Music ~ Scarlatti, Corelli, Bach. Emma Kirkby, sop/London Baroque

F Couperin: L’Apothéose de Lully; harpsichord works

Purcell: The Fairy Queen

Per un bacio – 17th Century Italian Cantatas & Madrigals. Marta Almajano, sop.

Domenico Scarlatti: Sonatas for Harpsichord/Trevor Pinnock

Miserere. Westminster Abbey Choir: Allegri, Lotti, Gesualdo, Gabrieli, Monteverdi

Vivaldi: Opera Arias

Pergolesi: Stabat Mater; Salve Regina (Kirkby/Bowman))

Pergolesi – La Serva Padrona

Vivaldi: Violin Concerto RV581, Salve Regina. Il Seminario Musicale

J S Bach: The Vivaldi Concerti/Franz Hauk, organ

J S Bach: Harpsichord Concertos Vol. 2 – Aapo Hakkinen, harpsichord

J S Bach: Brandenburg Concertos 4-6. The English Concert/Trevor Pinnock

A Vauxhall Gardens Entertainment: Handel, Abel, Arne, Boyce/London Baroque

Handel: Samson. Concentus Musicus Wien/Nikolaus Harnoncourt

Telemann: Recorder Duos-Volume. 1

Handel: Messiah/Trevor Pinnock, cond.

Vivaldi – Gloria & Magnificat/Concerto Italiano, Rinaldo Alessandrini, cond.

J S Bach: Magnificat & Cantata BWV51/John Eliot Gardiner, cond.

J.S. Bach: Cello Suites ~ David Watkin, baroque cello

Bach: Goldberg Variations ~ Steven Devine, harpsichord

Bach: Mass in B Minor. Collegium Vocale Gent/Philippe Herreweghe, cond.

Charpentier: Te Deum. Les Arts Florissants/William Christie, cond.

Rameau: Pygmalion. Les Talens Lyriques/Christophe Rousset, cond.

John Gay & Christopher Pepusch: The Beggar’s Opera

Handel: As Steals the Morn ~ arias & scenes for tenor. Mark Padmore, tenor



Bach: Musikalisches Opfer (The Musical Offering), BWV 1079

CPE Bach: Instrumental Chamber Music

Drama Queens: Joyce DiDonato, mezzo

Baroque Opera Arias: Purcell, Handel, Gluck. Carolyn Watkinson, contralto

Gluck: Iphigénie en Tauride

Haydn: String Quartets, Op. 76, No. 4 (Sunrise), No. 5, No. 6

O Tuneful Voice: Songs from C18 London. Kirkby/Müller

Haydn: Stabat Mater

Haydn: Paukenmesse

Haydn: Die Schöpfung (The Creation)

Mozart: Eine Kleine Nachtmusik, Serenata Notturna, A Musical Joke

Diana Damrau ~ Arie di Bravura (Mozart, Salieri, Righini)

Edita Gruberova ~ Mozart: Concert Arias

Mozart: Cosi Fan Tutte

Mozart: Mass in C minor/Philippe Herreweghe, cond.

Mozart: Horn Concertos

Mozart: Symphonies 40 & 41 (Jupiter). Vienna Philharmonic/Karajan, cond.

Beethoven: String Quartets Op.18, 1-6 ~ Jerusalem Quartet

Beethoven: Missa Solemnis/Philippe Herreweghe, cond.

Beethoven: Symphony No.9. The Academy of Ancient Music/Hogwood, cond.

Beethoven : Fidelio [Highlights] – Harnoncourt, cond.

Beethoven, Meyerbeer & Spohr: Lieder Melodies ~ Anne Sofie von Otter, mezzo

Schubert: Trout Quintet

Schubert/Schumann:Songs ~ Elly Ameling, sop. & Jörg Demus, piano

Schubert: Lieder ~ Dietrich Fischer-Diskau, baritone & Gerald Moore, piano

Schubert: Lieder ~ Christoph Prégardien, tenor & Tilman Hoppstock, guitar

Rossini: Il barbiere di Siviglia

Rossini: Mosè in Egitto



Weber : Der Freischütz

Paganini: 24 Capricci, Op.1. Salvatore Accardo, violin.

Berlioz: Symphonie Fantastique / Lélio

Berlioz: Les Nuits d’été. Susan Graham, mezzo

Norwegian Violin Favourites (Ole Bull, Grieg, etc)

Songs to Shakespeare (Henry Bishop, etc). Anthony Rolfe Johnson, tenor

Mendelssohn: Elias/Paulus/A Midsummer Night’s Dream. Herreweghe, cond.

Mendelssohn- Piano Trios Nos 1 & 2 (Gould Piano Trio)

Fanny Mendelssohn / Clara Schumann: Piano Trios (The Dartington Piano Trio)

A Romantic Songbook. Thomas Quasthoff, bass-bariton; Justus Zeyen, piano

Chopin: Piano Concerto 1/Preludes/Barcarolle/Scherzo. Martha Argerich, piano

Chopin: Works for Piano and Orchestra. Emanuel Ax, piano/OAE

Liszt’s Petrarch Sonnets. Bruce Ford, tenor. Il primo dolce affanno/Opera Rara

Schumann: Piano Concerto; Symphony No2. Staier, piano/Herreweghe, cond.

Clara Schumann: Songs

Thomas Hampson Lieder Recital (Schumann, Beethoven etc)

Brahms: Symphonies 1-4

Brahms – Volkslieder; Zigeunerlieder

Twilight Of The Gods – The Ultimate Wagner Ring Collection

Maria Callas: Verdi Arias, Vol. 1

Wagner: Tristan und Isolde (Highlights)

Offenbach: Orpheus in Der Unterwelt

Natalie Dessay ~ Miracle of the Voice

Golden Operetta

René Kollo: Dunkelrote Rosen

Johann Strauss: Die Fledermaus

Gilbert & Sullivan – The Mikado

Bruckner: Choral Works. La Chapelle Royale/Philippe Herreweghe

The Best of Grieg

Rimsky-Korsakov – Scheherazade

Dvorak: Rusalka (Highlights)

The Ultimate Elgar Collection

A Portrait of Frederica von Stade

Fauré Mélodies. Barbara Hendricks, sop.

Granados songs and tonadillas. The Art of Pilar Lorengar, sop.

Canteloube: Songs of the Auvergne. Frederica von Stade, mezzo

Hugo Wolf – Goethe-Lieder

Vaughan Williams: Songs of Travel. Anthony Rolfe Johnson, tenor


Mahler: Symphony No.1/Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen. Fischer-Diskau, bar.

Mahler: Des Knaben Wunderhorn. Thomas Hampson, baritone

Mahler: Rückert-Lieder. Janet Baker, mezzo/John Barbirolli, cond.

Mahler: Das Lied von der Erde (Chamber version arr. Schoenberg)

Songs by Schubert, Mahler and R. Strauss (Margaret Price/Geoffrey Parsons)

Strauss: Eine Alpensinfonie (An Alpine Symphony)

Strauss: Elektra

R Strauss: Der Rosenkavalier (highlights)

Debussy: Pelléas et Mélisande

Romantic French Songs: Debussy’s Chansons de Bilitis (Sarah Walker, mezzo)

Villa-Lobos: Bachianas Brasileiras No.5./Canteloube. Kiri Te Kanawa, sop.

The Best of Sibelius

Sibelius Songs. Anne Sophie von Otter, mezzo

Puccini: Tosca

Montserrat Caballé: Diva (Puccini arias)

French Chamber Classics – Ravel: Gaspard De La Nuit. Cédric Tiberghien, piano

Ravel: L’enfant et les sortilèges – Ma mère l’oye

Ravel: Mélodies

Songs by Reynaldo Hahn

Schoenberg / Berg / Webern

Schoenberg: Pierrot Lunaire (Boulez)

Schoenberg – Moses und Aron

Berg: Lulu

Berg / Korngold / Strauss: Lieder

Gershwin: Porgy and Bess

Speak Low: Kurt Weill Songs. Anne Sophie von Otter, mezzo

Stravinsky: Le Sacre du Printemps; L’Oiseau de feu. Antal Dorati, cond.

Stravinsky: Le Rossignol

Stravinsky: The Rake’s Progress

Stravinsky/Gesualdo: Choral Works

Composers in Person: Poulenc/Bernac & Britten/Pears

Voyage A Paris: The Mélodies of Francis Poulen. Felicity Lott, soprano

Poulenc: Mass In G/Motets

Poulenc: Les Mamelles de Tirésias/Le Bal Masqué

Poulenc: Dialogues des Carmélites

American Songs (Barber, Copland, etc): Barbara Bonney, sop./André Previn, piano

Samuel Barber: Vanessa

Messiaen: Poemes Pour Mi/Chants De Terre

Messiaen: Turangalila Symphony – Quatour pour la fin du temps

Britten – English Choral Music

Britten: Peter Grimes

Britten: Gloriana

Britten: A Midsummer Night’s Dream

Tippett: King Priam

Bernstein: West Side Story

Bernstein: Candide